Tiger Chronicles

The 50-year journey of Tiger Conservation for WWF India

A powerful icon of India's cultural and natural heritage, the tiger is one of the largest predators in the world.

Fascinating every eye it meets, the size and colour of this big cat varies according to its geographical location and climate.

On July 29th, 2010, all the 13 tiger range countries of the world adopted the declaration to ensure a sustainable tiger population and double within 12 years. Since then, the day has been marked as Global Tiger Day.

WWF India has been working toward tiger conservation for 50 years.

The Tiger Dialogues

For over five decades, much has been spoken about the remarkable journey of tiger conservation and yet, a lot more remains to be said.

One of the countless questions that come up time and again is what can a decade-long history of conservation initiatives teach us about creating 'inviolate' habitats for tigers?

In a quest to raise these and multiple other questions, we bring you a series, The Tiger Dialogues.

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WWF India’s work

WWF India’s work for tiger conservation aims to maintain and restore tiger habitats and critical corridors while conserving the tiger and its prey, eventually increasing and stabilising tiger populations.

Our work involves camera-trapping exercises and line-transect monitoring in all its tiger landscapes to monitor tigers, co-predators and prey base. We also work closely with local communities around tiger habitats to mitigate human-tiger conflict issues.



Introduction of the Wildlife Protection Act, enacted to protect plants and animal species. Before this, India only had five designated national parks.


Introduction of Project Tiger- This aimed to ensure a viable population of the Bengal tiger in its natural habitats, protect it from extinction, and preserve areas of biological importance as a natural heritage representing the diversity of ecosystems.


Conservation reserves and community reserves were created under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 as amended in 2003. These reserves are created with the following two-fold objectives: Legal backing to community-initiated efforts to protect flora and fauna. Limited interference in activities of local communities so that their needs are met.


Amendment of Wildlife Protection Act for creation of further tiger reserves, creation of WCCB and NTCA, following a recommendation of the tiger Task Force.

The first Tiger Census of 2006 projected 1,411 tigers were left in the country.


On June 28, 2008, the first male tiger, airlifted from Ranthambhore in an Indian Air Force MI-17 and released in the one-hectare enclosure at Nayapani (Sariska) as a part of the relocation process. The moment of 1.12 pm went into history as the Tiger- ST 1, set its first pugmark in the ‘Tigerless’ Tiger Reserve for a long 3.5 years. He was joined by his paramour ST2.

NTCA declared the creation of ‘Special Tiger Protection Force’ (STPF).


The Panna Tiger Reserve started the Tiger Reintroduction Project. This initiative was taken with 7 tigers -- 5 females and 2 males that were brought from Kanha and Bandhavgarh, the other two renowned national parks of Madhya Pradesh.


St. Petersburg declaration or Global Tiger Recovery Programme, Declaration of Global Tiger Day. TX2 goal setting of doubling the tiger numbers. First All India Tiger Estimation done using pug mark and camera trap exercises was conducted.

M-STrIPES, short for Monitoring System for Tigers - Intensive Protection and Ecological Status is a software-based monitoring system launched across Indian tiger reserves by the Indian government's National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in 2010.


The Transboundary Manas Conservation Area (TraMCA) straddles the Indo-Bhutan border. On one side sits Bhutan’s oldest protected area, Royal Manas National Park and on the other side is India’s Manas Tiger Reserve, an UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site. Recent camera trap surveys have shown on both sides there is a healthy population of tigers and their prey.


Nawegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve was notified 46th Tiger Reserve notified.


Karnataka was the state with the highest tiger population. The tiger count in the state was 408 as per the 2014 tiger census. Total Tigers in India: 2226


The total Tiger Population as per the Tiger Census 2018 is 2,967 Tigers, which was 33% more than the 2014 Census and more than double, than the 2006 Tiger Census.

India’s Tiger Census of 2018 has made it to the Guinness Book of World Records, for being the world’s largest wildlife survey that has been captured via camera traps.

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, awarded the inagural Tx2 Award (source: Pilibhit Tiger Reserve in India wins the inaugural TX2 Award after doubling its tiger population | IUCN)


Notification of Srivilliputhur Megamalai Tiger Reserve by NTCA (Source: SMTR_notification.pdf (ntca.gov.in))


Year of Water Tiger (The Year of the Water Tiger: What it Means for 2022 - Holden QiGong )

The Tiger Summit as a closing to St. Petersburg to be held in September in Vladivostok, Russia.

Notification of Ramgarh-Vishdhari Tiger Reserve as the 52nd Tiger Reserve of India by NTCA (National Tiger Conservation Authority (ntca.gov.in)


When we protect tigers, we save our precious forests and grasslands, and the presence of tigers in the forest is an indicator of the well-being of the ecosystem. Tiger landscapes provide water to millions of people for drinking and agricultural purposes. Tigers and their habitats provide vast benefits to the climate, people and wildlife.

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Coexistence of tigers and humans in Indian Sundarbans

The Sundarbans seems to be one of the few places in India and around the world where the number of tigers is increasing despite the increasing incidence of human-tiger conflict, which in most cases leads to human death.

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